Rights, Privileges & Responsibilities
ALCOHOL, DRUGS AND TOBACCO
WHAT IS AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE?
Any drink that has at least � of 1 percent alcohol is an alcoholic beverage. That includes beer, wine, or any other liquor.
WHEN CAN I BUY AND DRINK AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE?
You must be 21 before you can buy or possess alcoholic beverage (BPC 25658b). It is an infraction for a person under the age of 21 years to attempt to purchase any alcoholic beverage. The first violation is punishable by a fine up to 100$. Subsequent violations are most costly (BPC 25659.5)
WHAT IF SOMEONE SELLS OR GIVES ME AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE?
It is against the law to sell or give alcoholic beverages to a person under 21, or to let the person drink them in a bar or store (BPC 25659).
SUPPOSE I GO INTO A STORE OR BAR TO BUY AN ALCOHOLIC DRINK...WHAT WILL HAPPEN?
If you appear to be under the age of 21, you will be asked to prove your age and if you can't the dealer cannot sell to you (BPC 25695).
WHAT IF I BORROW A DRIVER'S LICENSE OR CHANGE THE AGE ON MY OWN TO SHOW I'M 21 OR OVER?
You will be breaking the law in both cases. You cannot lend or borrow a driver's license or falsify it for any reason (BPC 25661, 25650.5 VC 14610).
WHAT OTHER LAWS ARE THERE ABOUT ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES?
It is against the law for a person under 21 to:
- Possess liquor on any street, highway, or public place; or carry liquor in a car , even if the container is sealed ( BPC 25663);
- Enter and remain in a bar with out lawful business ( BPC 25665);
- Be hired in any place where the main business is selling alcoholic beverages to be used on the premises (BPC 25663);
It is also against the law for anyone to:
- Have an open alcoholic container in a car whether you are drinking or not, or to drink while you are driving, or to drive a car under the influence of alcoholic beverages (VC 23226, 23152a,b);
- Be drunk or under the influence of drugs in public or on a public highway ( PC 647f);
- Posses, drink, sell or give liquor to any public school or school grounds (BPC 25608). You can be suspended or expelled for this (EC 48900);
- Permit you to remain in a liquor store with out a lawful business (BPC 256665).
DRUGS AND NARCOTICS
WHAT ARE SOME DANGEROUS DRUGS?
- Hallucinogens, including marijuana, L.S.D., Peyote, PCP ( Angel Dust), and many others;
- Stimulants (uppers)
- Sedatives (downers)
- Narcotics such as heroin, opium , morphine and methadone (BPC 4211, HSC 11053-58);
- Cocaine, Crack;
These drugs are all illegal, except by prescription.
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE LAWS ABOUT NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUGS?
It is illegal to:
- Use, possess, transport, sell, give away, or offer any narcotics or dangerous drugs to others ( HSC 311379);
- Use or be under the influence of dangerous drugs, unless they are prescribed by a licensed doctor (HS 1150(a);
- Encourage, try to sell, or force any minor to break any of the narcotic laws (HSC 11361);
- Make or use a false or changed prescription (B&P 4324)
- Plant, cultivate, harvest, dry, or process marijuana or other drugs ( HSC 11358);
- Possess any instrument or means used to inject an illegal drug(B&P 4140);
- Sniff glue or cement with toluene(647(f));
- Use, sell. Or possess any narcotic or dangerous drug at school or elsewhere ( HSC 11352 , 11379 );
- Drive on any highway or road while under the influence of drugs ( HSC 11350 , 11352 , 11353 , 11357 , 11365 ; PC 381; VC 23152);
- Possess marijuana on school grounds (HSC 11357e);
- Possess or be under the influence of any nitrous oxide (HSC 3816)
- Possess, use, sell, offer, arrange, or negotiate to sell any controlled substance while at school or any school-related activity (EC 48900);
- Agree to unlawfully sell, furnish, or give away any controlled substance or any other liquid substance or material in lieu of any controlled substance (HSC 11355).
ARE THERE ANY LAWS ABOUT TOBACCO TOO?
Yes. It is unlawful to sell or give away tobacco product to minors Under 18 (PC 308).
School districts may designate qualified areas for smoking in high schools (EC 48901);
WHAT IS A CRIME?
A crime is doing something the law says not to do, or not doing something the law says you have to do (PC 15).
ARE ALL CRMIES THE SAME?
No , there are three types of crimes. Many offenses may be treated by the court as Esther a felony or a misdemeanor and felony. An example of this would be burglary. In Juvenile Court, misdemeanor nad felony offenses are treated in a similar manner, although the greatest penalty for committing a misdemeanor cannot be for more than one year in confinement.
In no case can a juvenile be committed for more time than an adult would serve for the same crime.
FELONIES are the most serious crimes and can result in committment to Probation or Youth Authority for more than one year.
MISDEMEANORS less serious crimes and cannot result in commitment for more than one year.
INFRACTIONS are the least serious law violations, and the sentence for these will not result in loss of liberty. An example of an infraction is a traffic ticket for which you may have to paya fine or go to traffic school.
WHAT ARE SOME CRIMES I SHOULD KNOW ABOUT?
It is against the law for you to:
- Attempt to commit an injury (try to hurt someone), or use a weapon likely to huet another person. This is ASSULT (PC 240,245);
- Inflict willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon another person (hit someone else on purpose). This is called BATTERY (PC 240,242);
- Disturb the peace by making loud noises(by fighting or challenging to fight), or by pubicly using obscene language(swearing), which is likely to causea violent reaction (PC 415,416);
- Take a persons personal property by using force or fear,or by scaring someone into handing over anything that belongs to him/her (PC 211)
- Buy or accept stolen property (PC 496);
- Set FIRE to, or burn any property,including your own. This is ARSON (PC 449-451)
- Remove, damage or alter landmarks(PC 605);
- Have sexusal relations with a person under 18, even if he/she is willing (PC 261.5);
- Buy, sell, receive, dispose of, hide or poses any articles from which the serial number or other manufacturers's marks have been removed, damaged or altered. (PC 537E; VC 39002);
- Temporarily drive in a vehicle without the owners permission, or steal a car(PC 499B; VC 10851);
- Temporarily take a bicycle without the owners permission (PC499B)
- Throw out or put anything on a roadway that might damage a car, or hurt, a person or animal; Litter or throw anything burning on a highway or destroy a highway sign (PC 588;VC 23111, 23112);
- Trespass on school or private property (go on the property without having a good reason to be there, or without permission) (PC 602,647);
- Steal or take personal property from anyone, including shoplifting (PC 484);
- Throw things at, or shoot a weapon at buses, trucks, cars, trains, or airplanes (PC 274c;VC 23110, 23111)
- Interfear with the safe operation of trains (PC 369i);
- Damage books, records, pictures, etc., and any public library, exhibition, fair, school, or any other public place (ec 19910);
- Make annoying phone calls, or refuse to give up a party line in an emergency (PC 384,653m);
- Make or use slugs or immitation coins in any coin operated machina or telephone (640(b))
- Abandon, be cruel to or neglect an animal (PC 597)
- Tamper with a FIRE alarm box or send a false alarm by public FIRE alarm box or any other jeans (PC 184.4)
- Purposely injure or destroy any real or personal property thats not your own VANDALISM (PC 594)
- Deface, damage by Saint or other liquid, without consent of owner (PC 584�(refuse to disperse (or break up a group) when asked by a police officer) (PC 409,416)
- Resist arrest, delay , obsrtuct, or asault a peace officer while doing his job (PC 148,241,243)
- Destroy or tamper with mailboxes or mail, or to Interfere with the delivery of mail. It is also a federal crime to steal property of the United States Postal Dept., Such as gas or batteries. The penalty ranges from $500 to $2000 in fines, and from 1 to 5 years in federal prison. (USC 18, sec.1702,1705,1707)
- Threaten to Kill or seriously hurt a person , even if you do not intend to carry out the threat (PC 422)
WHAT HAPPENS IF I CAUSE ANOTHER MINOR TO BREAK A LAW?
If you help another minor to commit a crime, you may also have to go to court. You could also have to go to court if you are with another minor who commits a crime, and you dont try to stop it (PC 31,32,272,659)
WHAT IF I LIE AND MAKE A REPORT WHICH IS NOT TRUE?
It is a crime to make a false police report or turn in a false FIRE alarm. If questioned by a witness by the police, or in court, you must tell the truth; to lie to them is a crime (PC 118,148.5)
WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF I COMMIT A CRIME?
That depends on how serious the crime is. You will find a more complete answer to this question in the section entitled �JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM� (PG12)
WHAT IF I DONT KNOW THAT SOMETHING I DID IS A CRIME?
You are still guilty of a crime, because not knowing a law is no excuse. Otherwise, any person committing a crime might say he/ she didnt know about the law. No one would be safe if that were allowed. Just ask yourself if what you are doing will harm or injure a person or property not your own. If it will, it's WRONG!
JUVENILE TRAFFIC COURT
WHAT IS JUVENILE TRAFFIC COURT?
Juvenile Traffic Court is part of the Juvenile Court which d�las with some traffic offensses by minors. Commissioners are appointed by the Juvenile Court Judge to hear traffic cases.
Most traffic offenses in Orange County are heard by the Municipal Court in the area where the offense occured. If you rteceive a citation(ticket), It will show where your case will be heard.
WHAT IF I AM CHARGED WITH A TRAFFIC VIOLATION?
If the Commissioner or Judge finds you have violated a traffic law, you can be reprimanded or you can receive one or more of the following penalties (WIC 258)
- You can be ordered to attend traffic school;
- You can be orederd to pay a fine;
- Your driving privelages may be suspended or restricted;
- You can have to produce evidence that your vehicle is up to code requirements;
- You can be placed uner probation supervision for up to six months;